How do women in conservative religious movements expand spaces for political activism in ways that go beyond their movements' strict ideas about male and female roles? How and why does this activism happen in some movements but not in others? Righteous transgressions examines these questions by comparatively studying four groups: the jewish settlers in the west bank, the ultra-orthodox shas, the islamic movement in israel, and the palestinian hamas. Lihi ben shitrit demonstrates that women's prioritization of a nationalist agenda over a proselytizing one shapes their activist involvement. Looking at the four most influential political movements of the israeli and palestinian religious right, righteous transgressions reveals how the bounds of gender expectations can be crossed for the political good.